CANEDA-FERRÓN, B., 2006. The effects of Parkinson's disease mimetics on the proteasomal and neurofilament systems in SH-SY5Y cells. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.
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Mitochondrial impairment, glutathione depletion and oxidative stress have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease, linked recently to proteasomal dysfunction. This study analyses how these factors influence the various activities of the proteasome in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells treated with the PD mimetics MPP+ (a complex I inhibitor) or dopamine. Treatment with these toxins led to dose and time dependent reductions in ATP and glutathione levels and also chymotrypsin-like and postacidic-like activities; however, trypsin-like activity was unaffected. Antioxidants blocked the effects of dopamine but not MPP+, suggesting that oxidative stress was more important in the dopamine-mediated effects. With MPP+, ATP depletion was a pre-requisite for loss of proteasomal function. This study also shows that addition of MPP+ or dopamine to purified samples of the human 20S proteasome also reduced proteasomal activities; with dopamine being most damaging. As was the case with toxin-treated cells chymotrypsin-like activity was the most sensitive and trypsin-like activity, the least sensitive. The direct effect of both compounds on proteasomal activity was, at least, partly due to oxidative damage to the proteasome, since the antioxidant vitamin C could partially alleviate the proteasomal impairment.
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|Divisions:||Schools > School of Science and Technology|
|Depositing User:||EPrints Services|
|Date Added:||09 Oct 2015 09:34|
|Last Modified:||09 Oct 2015 09:34|
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