Toward a consensus definition of pathological video-gaming: a systematic review of psychometric assessment tools

KING, D.L., HAAGSMA, M.C., DELFABBRO, P.H., GRADISAR, M.S. and GRIFFITHS, M.D., 2013. Toward a consensus definition of pathological video-gaming: a systematic review of psychometric assessment tools. Clinical Psychology Review, 33 (3), pp. 331-342. ISSN 0272-7358

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Abstract

Pathological video-gaming, or its proposed DSM-V classification of "Internet Use Disorder", is of increasing interest to scholars and practitioners in allied health disciplines. This systematic review was designed to evaluate the standards in pathological video-gaming instrumentation, according to Cicchetti (1994) and Groth- Marnat’s (2009) criteria and guidelines for sound psychometric assessment. A total of 63 quantitative studies, including eighteen instruments and representing 58,415 participants, were evaluated. Results indicated that reviewed instrumentation may be broadly characterized as inconsistent. Strengths of available measures include: (i) short length and ease of scoring, (ii) excellent internal consistency and convergent validity, and (iii) potentially adequate data for development of standardized norms for adolescent populations. However, key limitations included: (a) inconsistent coverage of core addiction indicators, (b) varying cut-off scores to indicate clinical status, (c) a lack of a temporal dimension, (d) untested or inconsistent dimensionality, and (e) inadequate data on predictive validity and inter-rater reliability. An emerging consensus suggests that pathological video-gaming is commonly defined by (1) withdrawal, (2) loss of control, and (3) conflict. It is concluded that a unified approach to assessment of pathological video-gaming is needed. A synthesis of extant research efforts by meta-analysis may be difficult in the context of several divergent approaches to assessment.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Clinical Psychology Review
Creators: King, D.L., Haagsma, M.C., Delfabbro, P.H., Gradisar, M.S. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 2013
Volume: 33
Number: 3
ISSN: 0272-7358
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:41
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2015 11:26
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1188

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