Differential role for p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in regulating CD40-induced gene expression in dendritic cells and B cells

Aicher, A., Shu, G.L., Magaletti, D., Mulvania, T., Pezzutto, A., Craxton, A. and Clark, E.A., 1999. Differential role for p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in regulating CD40-induced gene expression in dendritic cells and B cells. Journal of Immunology, 163 (11), pp. 5786-5795. ISSN 0022-1767

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Abstract

We investigated whether human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) differed from tonsillar B cells in the set of cell fate genes they express constitutively and in the way these genes are affected after CD40 ligation. In particular, Bcl-2, TNF receptor-associated factor-2 (TRAF2), and TRAF4 were clearly inducible via CD40 in B cells but not in DCs. DCs, unlike B cells, were induced to increase expression of IL-1ß, IL-1Ra, IL-8, IL-12 p40, RANTES, macrophage inflammatory protein-1, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 after CD40 ligation. We next tested whether CD40-induced signaling pathways were different in DCs vs B cells. In DCs, as in B cells, CD40 ligation activated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), its downstream target, MAPKAPK-2, and the c-Jun N-terminal kinase. The p38 MAPK-specific inhibitor, SB203580, blocked CD40-induced MAPKAPK-2 activation, but did not affect activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase. Furthermore, unlike in B cells, extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 and -2 were activated after CD40 ligation in DCs. SB203580 strongly blocked CD40-induced IL-12 p40 production in DCs at both mRNA and protein levels, while having minimal effect on CD40-induced expression of the chemokine RANTES. In contrast, no detectable IL-12 p40 protein was secreted in CD40-stimulated B cells. Furthermore, CD40-induced mRNA expression of cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein-2 was also dependent on the p38 MAPK pathway in DCs and differed compared with that in B cells. In conclusion, CD40 induces distinct programs in DCs and B cells, and the set of p38 MAPK-dependent genes in DCs (IL-12 p40 and cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein-2) is different from that in B cells (IL-10 and IL-1ß).

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Immunology
Creators: Aicher, A., Shu, G.L., Magaletti, D., Mulvania, T., Pezzutto, A., Craxton, A. and Clark, E.A.
Publisher: American Association of Immunologists
Date: 1999
Volume: 163
Number: 11
ISSN: 0022-1767
Rights: Copyright © 1999 by The American Association of Immunologists
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 10:26
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2015 14:32
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13044

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