Algorithms for multi-modal human movement and behaviour monitoring

TOWNSEND, J.S., 2011. Algorithms for multi-modal human movement and behaviour monitoring. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.

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Abstract

This thesis describes investigations into improvements in the field of automated people tracking using multi-modal infrared (IR) and visible image information. The research question posed is; “To what extent can infrared image information be used to improve visible light based human tracking systems?” Automated passive tracking of human subjects is an active research area which has been approached in many ways. Typical approaches include the segmentation of the foreground, the location of humans, model initialisation and subject tracking. Sensor reliability evaluation and fusion methods are also key research areas in multi-modal systems. Shifting illumination and shadows can cause issues with visible images when attempting to extract foreground regions. Images from thermal IR cameras, which use long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) sensors, demonstrate high invariance to illumination. It is shown that thermal IR images often provide superior foreground masks using pixel level statistical extraction techniques in many scenarios. Experiments are performed to determine if cues are present at the data level that may indicate the quality of the sensor as an input. Modality specific measures are proposed as possible indicators of sensor quality (determined by foreground extraction capability). A sensor and application specific method for scene evaluation is proposed, whereby sensor quality is measured at the pixel level. A neuro-fuzzy inference system is trained using the scene quality measures to assess a series of scenes and make a modality decision.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Townsend, J.S.
Date: 2011
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of the author. You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non-commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, or if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed in the owner(s) of the Intellectual Property Rights.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:34
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 09:34
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/136

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