Tourette-like behaviors in the normal population are associated with hyperactive/impulsive ADHD-like behaviors but do not relate to deficits in conditioned inhibition or response inhibition

HEYM, N., KANTINI, E., CHECKLEY, H.L.R. and CASSADAY, H.J., 2014. Tourette-like behaviors in the normal population are associated with hyperactive/impulsive ADHD-like behaviors but do not relate to deficits in conditioned inhibition or response inhibition. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, pp. 1-13. ISSN 1664-1078

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Abstract

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Tourette Syndrome (TS) present as distinct conditions clinically; however, comorbidity and inhibitory control deficits have been proposed for both. Whilst such deficits have been studied widely within clinical populations, findings are mixed — partly due to comorbidity and/or medication effects — and studies have rarely distinguished between subtypes of the disorders. Studies in the general population are sparse. Using a continuity approach, the present study examined (i) the relationships between inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive aspects of ADHD and TS-like behaviors in the general population, and (ii) their unique associations with automatic and executive inhibitory control, as well as (iii) yawning (a proposed behavioural model of TS). One hundred and thirty-eight participants completed self-report measures for ADHD and TS-like behaviors as well as yawning, and aconditioned inhibition task to assess automatic inhibition.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Frontiers in Psychology
Creators: Heym, N., Kantini, E., Checkley, H.L.R. and Cassaday, H.J.
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Place of Publication: Lausanne, Switzerland
Date: 2014
Volume: 5
ISSN: 1664-1078
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00946DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 10:33
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2016 09:10
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14705

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