KROLL, V.R., DUNN, A.K., HOWARD, C. and BAGULEY, T., 2014. Visual processing of human body and non-body distractors in natural scenes [oral presentation]. In: 31st BPS Cognitive Psychology Section Annual Conference, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, 3-5 September 2014, Nottingham.
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Several studies have shown that human bodies may preferentially attract attention over other objects (Ro et al., 2007; Downing et al., 2004). We have previously shown that participants took longer to decide that a natural scene contained a target when a distractor human body also appeared with the scene than when the body did not appear. However, this slowing was also demonstrated with other distractor objects (i.e. lamps; Kroll, Dunn, Howard & Baguley, 2013). Here we used an irrelevant singleton paradigm in which we manipulated the presence or absence of different target (grandfather clock or chair) and distractor (bodies: colour full-body/silhouette/colour headless body, lamp: colour/silhouette) combinations independently of one another. The task was to detect a target in either the presence or absence of a task irrelevant distractor. Human body distractors once again slowed search for targets, but only when they were maximally different from the target (i.e. non-analogous), and when contextual detail (i.e. non-silhouette and head present) was available. Non-body distractors also slowed search for the target. However, there was no difference between the distractor bodies and non-bodies in terms of their ability to slow target search. These results, therefore, provide no evidence for human bodies attracting attention over other objects, at least within natural scenes.
|Item Type:||Conference contribution|
|Creators:||Kroll, V.R., Dunn, A.K., Howard, C. and Baguley, T.|
|Divisions:||Schools > School of Social Sciences|
|Depositing User:||EPrints Services|
|Date Added:||09 Oct 2015 10:36|
|Last Modified:||19 Oct 2015 14:34|
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