Misattribution bias of threat-related facial expressions is related to a longer duration of illness and poor executive function in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder

Premkumar, P. ORCID: 0000-0003-1934-6741, Cooke, M.A., Fannon, D., Peters, E., Michel, T.M., Murray, R.M., Kuipers, E. and Kumari, V., 2008. Misattribution bias of threat-related facial expressions is related to a longer duration of illness and poor executive function in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. European Psychiatry, 23, pp. 14-19.

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Abstract

Background: While it is known that patients with schizophrenia recognize facial emotions, specifically negative emotions, less accurately, little is known about how they misattribute these emotions to other emotions and whether such misattribution biases are associated with symptoms, course of the disorder, or certain cognitive functions. Method: Outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (n = 73) and healthy controls (n = 30) performed a computerised Facial Emotion Attribution Test and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Patients were also rated on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). Results: Patients were poor at recognizing fearful and angry emotions and attributed fear to angry and angry to neutral expressions. Fear-as-anger misattributions were predicted independently by a longer duration of illness and WCST perseverative errors. Conclusion: The findings show a bias towards misattributing fearful and angry facial emotions. The propensity for fear-as-anger misattribution biases increases as the length of time that the disorder is experienced increases and a more rigid style of information processing is used. This, at least in part, may be perpetuated by subtle fearfulness expressed by others while interacting with people with schizophrenia.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: European Psychiatry
Creators: Premkumar, P., Cooke, M.A., Fannon, D., Peters, E., Michel, T.M., Murray, R.M., Kuipers, E. and Kumari, V.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 2008
Volume: 23
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.eurpsy.2007.10.004DOI
Rights: © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 10:39
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:35
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16192

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