Multi-instrument observations of nightside plasma patches under conditions of IMF Bz positive

WOOD, A.G., PRYSE, S.E., MIDDLETON, H.R. and HOWELLS, V.S.C., 2008. Multi-instrument observations of nightside plasma patches under conditions of IMF Bz positive. Annales Geophysicae, 26 (8), pp. 2203-2216. ISSN 0992-7689

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Results are presented from two multi-instrument case studies showing patches of cold, long-lived plasma in the winter nightside ionosphere during times when the z-component of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF Bz) was positive. These enhancements were coincident with the antisunward convective plasma drift, flowing from polar to nightside auroral latitudes. In the first case, on 5 December 2005 with IMF By negative, two regions of enhanced electron density were observed extended in MLT in the magnetic midnight sector separated by lower densities near midnight. It is likely that the earlier enhancement originated on the dayside near magnetic noon and was transported to the nightside sector in the convective flow, whilst the later feature originated in the morning magnetic sector. The lower densities separating the two enhancements were a consequence of a pair of lobe cells essentially blocking the direct antisunward cross polar flow from the dayside. A second case study on 4 February 2006 with IMF By positive revealed a single nightside enhancement likely to have originated in the morning magnetic sector. These multi-instrument investigations, incorporating observations by the EISCAT radar facility, the SuperDARN network and radio tomography, reveal that plasma flowing from the dayside can play a significant role in the nightside ionosphere under conditions of IMF Bz positive. The observations are reinforced by simulations of flux-tube transport and plasma decay.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Annales Geophysicae
Creators: Wood, A.G., Pryse, S.E., Middleton, H.R. and Howells, V.S.C.
Publisher: Copernicus on behalf of the European Geosciences Union
Date: 2008
Volume: 26
Number: 8
ISSN: 0992-7689
Rights: © European Geosciences Union 2008
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 10:50
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:41

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