A novel RGD-independent cell adhesion pathway mediated by fibronectin-bound tissue transglutaminase rescues cells from anoikis

Verderio, EAM ORCID: 0000-0001-9153-8997, Telci, D, Okoye, A, Melino, G and Griffin, M, 2003. A novel RGD-independent cell adhesion pathway mediated by fibronectin-bound tissue transglutaminase rescues cells from anoikis. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278 (43), pp. 42604-42614. ISSN 0021-9258

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Specific association of tissue transglutaminase (tTG) with matrix fibronectin results in the formation of an extracellular complex (tTG-FN) with distinct adhesive and prosurvival characteristics. tTG-FN supports RGD-independent cell adhesion of different cell types and the formation of distinctive RhoA-dependent focal adhesions following inhibition of integrin function by competitive RGD peptides and function blocking antiintegrin antibodies α5β1. Association of tTG with its binding site on the 70 kda aminoterminal FN fragment does not support this cell adhesion process, which seems to involve the entire FN molecule. RGD-independent cell adhesion to tTG-FN does not require transamidating activity, is mediated by the binding of tTG to cell-surface heparan sulfate chains, is dependent on the function of protein kinase Cα (PKCα) and leads to activation of the cell survival focal adhesion kinase (FAK). The tTG-FN complex can maintain cell viability of tTG-null mouse dermal fibroblasts when apoptosis is induced by inhibition of RGD-dependent adhesion (anoikis), suggesting an extracellular survival role for tTG. We propose a novel RGD-independent cell adhesion mechanism that promotes cell survival when the anti-apoptotic role mediated by RGD-dependent integrin function is reduced as in tissue injury, which is consistent with the externalisation and binding of tTG to fibronectin following cell damage/stress.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Creators: Verderio, E.A.M., Telci, D., Okoye, A., Melino, G. and Griffin, M.
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Place of Publication: Bethesda, Md.
Date: 2003
Volume: 278
Number: 43
ISSN: 0021-9258
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 10:55
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:44
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/20251

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