An assessment of diet overlap of two mesocarnivores in the North-West Province, South Africa

van der Merwe, I., Tambling, C.J., Thorn, M., Scott, D.M., Yarnell, R.W. ORCID: 0000-0001-6584-7374, Green, M., Cameron, E.Z. and Bateman, P.W., 2009. An assessment of diet overlap of two mesocarnivores in the North-West Province, South Africa. African Zoology, 44 (2), pp. 288-291.

[img]
Preview
Text
200329_7183 Yarnell Publisher.pdf

Download (226kB) | Preview

Abstract

We used scat analysis to study the diet of two sympatric medium-sized carnivores: brown hyaena and black-backed jackal, in the NorthWest Province of South Africa. Seven major dietary categories were identified from the scats, with mammal remains being most common for both species. Brown hyaena scats contained more large mammal remains, which together with the presence of invertebrates (in 50% of all brown hyaena scats), suggests that they mainly scavenged. Jackal scats contained a higher proportion of small mammal remains, suggesting that jackals actively hunted more often than brown hyaenas did. The diets differed significantly between the two species, even though diet overlap was fairly high (0.79). Further analysis, albeit based on small sample sizes, suggests that diet of these mesopredators differ between protected reserves with apex predators and unprotected areas without apex predators, thus confounding generalizations. Further studies are therefore required to investigate possible mesopredator release when apex predators are absent.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: African Zoology
Creators: van der Merwe, I., Tambling, C.J., Thorn, M., Scott, D.M., Yarnell, R.W., Green, M., Cameron, E.Z. and Bateman, P.W.
Publisher: Zoological Society of Southern Africa
Date: 2009
Volume: 44
Number: 2
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 11:00
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:46
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21340

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year