Freshwater scarcity, interdependence and institutionalism in Jordanian foreign policy: towards conflict or cooperation?

El-Anis, I ORCID: 0000-0002-6918-4544, 2013. Freshwater scarcity, interdependence and institutionalism in Jordanian foreign policy: towards conflict or cooperation? Perceptions: Journal of International Affairs, 18, pp. 195-213. ISSN 1300-8641

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Abstract

Freshwater scarcity is an increasingly important aspect of the international relations of the Middle East and North Africa, and is magnified when sources are shared between states. In the Jordanian, Israeli and Syrian cases, most of their freshwater sources are shared. At the same time, cooperation between these states has emerged. This paper examines inter-state cooperation by considering freshwater scarcity issues in Jordanian-Israeli-Syrian relations. This study argues that three factors help determine whether freshwater scarcity leads to conflict or cooperation between riparian states: the nature and intensity of the scarcity, the level of interdependence between the actors sharing this resource, and their level of engagement in international institutions. It concludes that cooperation is possible between states (even those with difficulties in other areas of their relationship) when the scarcity experienced is intense, they are interdependent in this and other spheres, and they engage with each other through international institutions.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Perceptions: Journal of International Affairs
Creators: El-Anis, I.
Publisher: Center for Strategic Research
Place of Publication: Ankara
Date: 2013
Volume: 18
ISSN: 1300-8641
Divisions: Schools > School of Arts and Humanities
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 11:01
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:47
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21603

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