Influence of polymerisation conditions on the properties of polymer/clay nanocomposite hydrogels

Nigmatullin, R., Bencsik, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-6278-0378 and Gao, F. ORCID: 0000-0003-4064-9579, 2014. Influence of polymerisation conditions on the properties of polymer/clay nanocomposite hydrogels. Soft Matter, 10 (12), pp. 2035-2046. ISSN 1744-683X

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Abstract

Free-radical polymerisation of acrylamide derivatives in the presence of exfoliated clay platelets has recently emerged as a new technique for the synthesis of strong and tough nanocomposite hydrogels (NCHs) with a unique hybrid organic/inorganic network structure. The central intent of many research studies in the field of NCHs conducted so far was to change hydrogel properties with the introduction of various clays and variation of the clay content. Here, we demonstrate that the properties of NCHs significantly vary depending on initiating conditions used for hydrogel synthesis via in situ polymerisation in solutions of high monomer concentrations (above 1 mol L-1 ). A unique, complementary combination of real-time dynamic rheology and pulsed NMR/MRI has been used to study the influence of the composition of a redox initiating system on the gelation process and hydrogel properties. The molar ratio of the persulphate initiator to tertiary amine activator affects the polymerisation kinetics, morphology and mechanical properties of the hydrogels. We further show that activator-dominated systems tend to produce hydrogels with higher storage modulus and lower water intake. This trend is attributed to the increase in the cross-linking degree. From the analysis of the water state in NCH and hydrogels prepared with and without an organic cross-linker, it was concluded that clay platelets did not form covalent bonds with polymer molecules but contributed to the formation of a physical network. There is evidence of self-crosslinking of polymer chains during acrylamide polymerisation at high monomer concentration. The composition of the initiating system influences the number of formed self-crosslinks.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Soft Matter
Creators: Nigmatullin, R., Bencsik, M. and Gao, F.
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Place of Publication: London
Date: 2014
Volume: 10
Number: 12
ISSN: 1744-683X
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1039/C3SM52887ADOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 11:11
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:52
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/24125

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