A predictive hazard perception paradigm differentiates driving experience cross-culturally

Lim, P.C., Sheppard, E. and Crundall, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-6030-3631, 2014. A predictive hazard perception paradigm differentiates driving experience cross-culturally. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 26 A, pp. 210-217. ISSN 1369-8478

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Abstract

Hazard perception (HP) tests are used in several developed countries as part of the driver licensing process, where they are believed to have improved road safety; however, relatively little HP research has been conducted in developing countries, which account for 80% of the world’s road fatalities. Previous research suggests that drivers in these countries may be
desensitized to hazardous road situations and thus have increased response latencies to hazards, creating validity issues with the typical HP reaction time paradigm. The present study compared Malaysian and UK drivers’ HP skills when watching video clips filmed in both countries, using a predictive paradigm where hazard criterion could not affect performance. Clips filmed in the UK successfully differentiated experience in participants from both countries, however there was
no such differentiation in the Malaysian set of videos. Malaysian drivers also predicted hazards less accurately overall, indicating that exposure to a greater number of hazards on Malaysian roads did not have a positive effect on participants’ predictive hazard perception skill.
Nonetheless the experiential discrimination noted in this predictive paradigm may provide a practical alternative for hazard perception testing in developing countries.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
Creators: Lim, P.C., Sheppard, E. and Crundall, D.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: September 2014
Volume: 26 A
ISSN: 1369-8478
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.trf.2014.07.010DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 11:13
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:53
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/24566

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