WILLMER, D., 2011. Non-equilibrium polymeric complex fluids. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.
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Complex fluids are commercially- and industrially-important materials which exhibit ordering on scales much larger than atomic. Their usage is typically in non-equilibrium conditions, however traditional methods for measuring rheology are not appropriate for measuring samples with gradients present, such as temperature and concentration. In this work a safe and easy to use optical tweezer (OT) apparatus has been developed in order to facilitate the investigation of various systems during dilution or drying. In contrast to other OT setups, this equipment is safe to use without laser goggles or interlocked rooms, yet still allows full access to the microscope. Proof-of-concept experiments are performed on aqueous poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO) solutions to demonstrate the changes in viscosity and concentration over time, and the OT is then used in a rheological investigation into a commercially-relevant wormlike micelle (WLM) system, in conjunction with Diffusing Wave Spectroscopy (DWS) and traditional bulk rheology. It is shown for the first time that equimolar (eM) SDS:CAPB WLM samples can be considered ‘model’ systems, and form close approximations of Maxwellian systems on the addition of extra salt or surfactant above 0.1eM. The effect of an uncharged polymer (PEO 4M MW) on this WLM network structure was subsequently investigated; its effects are consistent with current theories of polymer-surfactant interactions.
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|Divisions:||Schools > School of Science and Technology|
|Depositing User:||EPrints Services|
|Date Added:||09 Oct 2015 09:35|
|Last Modified:||09 Oct 2015 09:35|
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