Lexical and sub-lexical knowledge influences the encoding, storage, and articulation of nonwords

Jones, G. ORCID: 0000-0003-3867-9947 and Witherstone, H.L., 2011. Lexical and sub-lexical knowledge influences the encoding, storage, and articulation of nonwords. Memory and Cognition, 39 (4), pp. 588-599. ISSN 0090-502X

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Abstract

Nonword repetition (NWR) has been used extensively in the study of child language. Although lexical and sub-lexical knowledge is known to influence NWR performance, there has been little examination of the NWR processes (e.g., encoding, storage, articulation) that may be affected by lexical and sub-lexical knowledge. We administered 2- and 3-syllable spoken nonword recognition and nonword repetition tests on two independent groups of 31 children (M=5;07). Spoken nonword recognition primarily involves encoding and storage, whereas NWR involves an additional articulation process. The influence of lexical and sub-lexical knowledge was determined by examining the amount of lexical errors produced. There was a clear involvement of long-term lexical and sub-lexical knowledge in both spoken nonword recognition and NWR. In spoken nonword recognition, twice as many errors involved selecting a foil that contained a lexical item (e.g., yashukup) over a foil that contained only nonsense syllables (e.g., yashunup). In repetition, over 30% of errors changed a nonsense syllable to a lexical item. Our results show that long-term lexical and sub-lexical knowledge is pervasive in NWR – any explanation of NWR performance must therefore consider the influence of lexical and sub-lexical knowledge throughout the whole repetition process, from the encoding of nonwords to the articulation of them.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Memory and Cognition
Creators: Jones, G. and Witherstone, H.L.
Publisher: Psychonomic Society
Date: 2011
Volume: 39
Number: 4
ISSN: 0090-502X
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3758/s13421-010-0045-0DOI
Rights: This manuscript was accepted for publication in Memory and Cognition in May 2011. The copyright is held by Psychonomic Society Publications. This document may not exactly correspond to the final published version. Psychonomic Society Publications disclaims any responsibility or liability for errors in this manuscript.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 11:16
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:54
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25402

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