Commentary on muscle dysmorphia as an addiction: a response to Grant (2015) and Nieuwoudt (2015)

Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Foster, A.C. and Shorter, G.W., 2015. Commentary on muscle dysmorphia as an addiction: a response to Grant (2015) and Nieuwoudt (2015). Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 4 (1), pp. 11-13. ISSN 2063-5303

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Abstract

Background: Following the publication of our paper ‘Muscle Dysmorphia: Could it be classified as an addiction to body image?’ in the Journal of Behavioral Addictions, two commentaries by Jon Grant and Johanna Nieuwoudt were published in response to our paper. Method: Using the ‘addiction components model’, our main contention is that muscle dysmorphia (MD) actually comprises a number of different actions and behaviors and that the actual addictive activity is the maintaining of body image via a number of different activities such as bodybuilding, exercise, eating certain foods, taking specific drugs (e.g., anabolic steroids), shopping for certain foods, food supplements, and purchase or use of physical exercise accessories. This paper briefly responds to these two commentaries. Results: While our hypothesized specifics relating to each addiction component sometimes lack empirical support (as noted explicitly by both Nieuwoudt and Grant), we still believe that our main thesis (that almost all the thoughts and behaviors of those with MD revolve around the maintenance of body image) is something that could be empirically tested in future research by those who already work in the area. Conclusions: We hope that the ‘Addiction to Body Image’ model we proposed provides a new framework for carrying out work in both empirical and clinical settings. The idea that MD could potentially be classed as an addiction cannot be negated on theoretical grounds as many people in the addiction field are turning their attention to research in new areas of behavioral addiction.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Creators: Griffiths, M.D., Foster, A.C. and Shorter, G.W.
Publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó
Place of Publication: Budapest
Date: 2015
Volume: 4
Number: 1
ISSN: 2063-5303
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1556/JBA.4.2015.1.4DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 28 Oct 2015 10:33
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:55
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25769

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