MMORPG gaming and hostility predict internet addiction symptoms in adolescents: an empirical multilevel longitudinal study

Stavropoulos, V., Kuss, D.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-8917-782X, Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Wilson, P. and Motti-Stefanidi, F., 2017. MMORPG gaming and hostility predict internet addiction symptoms in adolescents: an empirical multilevel longitudinal study. Addictive Behaviors, 64, pp. 294-300. ISSN 0306-4603

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Abstract

Internet addiction (IA) has become an increasingly researched topic. In the present study, IA symptoms in adolescents were investigated longitudinally with specific focus on the individual’s hostility, gaming use (of Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games
[MMORPGs]) and gaming on the classroom level (calculated using the percentage of MMORPG players within classes). The sample comprised 648 Greek adolescents who were
assessed over a two-year period (aged 16-18 years). IA symptoms were assessed with the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), and hostility with the relevant subscale of the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90). A three-level hierarchical linear model was used to differentiate individual and classroom-level influences on IA symptoms at age 16 years and over time. MMORPG gamers and more hostile adolescents presented more symptoms of IA. However, being a member of a classroom with a higher percentage of MMORPG gamers appeared to be a protective factor for IA. These longitudinal data emphasize the importance of contextual
factors at the level of the classroom in determining differences in IA symptoms during adolescence.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Addictive Behaviors
Creators: Stavropoulos, V., Kuss, D.J., Griffiths, M.D., Wilson, P. and Motti-Stefanidi, F.
Publisher: Elsevier
Place of Publication: Oxford
Date: January 2017
Volume: 64
ISSN: 0306-4603
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.09.001DOI
S0306460315300149Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 28 Oct 2015 10:34
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2017 12:41
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25932

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