Antimnemonic effects of schemas in young and older adults

Badham, S.P. ORCID: 0000-0002-6890-102X and Maylor, E.A., 2015. Antimnemonic effects of schemas in young and older adults. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition. ISSN 1382-5585

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Abstract

Schema-consistent material that is aligned with an individual’s knowledge and experience is typically more memorable than abstract material. This effect is often more extreme in older adults and schema use can alleviate age deficits in memory. In three experiments, young and older adults completed memory tasks where the availability of schematic information was manipulated. Specifying nonobvious relations between to-be-remembered word pairs paradoxically hindered memory (Experiment 1). Highlighting relations within mixed lists of related and unrelated word pairs had no effect on memory for those pairs (Experiment 2). This occurred even though related word pairs were recalled better than unrelated word pairs, particularly for older adults. Revealing a schematic context in a memory task with abstract image segments also hindered memory performance, particularly for older adults (Experiment 3). The data show that processing schematic information can come with costs that offset mnemonic benefits associated with schema-consistent stimuli.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
Creators: Badham, S.P. and Maylor, E.A.
Publisher: Routledge
Place of Publication: Abingdon
Date: 2015
ISSN: 1382-5585
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/13825585.2015.1048774DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 28 Oct 2015 10:34
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:56
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25990

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