Buddhist-Derived Loving-Kindness and Compassion Meditation for the Treatment of Psychopathology: a Systematic Review

Shonin, E, Van Gordon, W ORCID: 0000-0002-5648-3043, Compare, A, Zangeneh, M and Griffiths, MD ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2015. Buddhist-Derived Loving-Kindness and Compassion Meditation for the Treatment of Psychopathology: a Systematic Review. Mindfulness, 6 (5), pp. 1161-1180. ISSN 1868-8527

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Abstract

Although clinical interest has predominantly focused on mindfulness meditation, interest into the clinical utility of Buddhist-derived loving-kindness meditation (LKM) and compassion meditation (CM) is also growing. This paper follows the PRISMA (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis) guidelines and provides an evaluative systematic review of LKM and CM intervention studies. Five electronic academic databases were systematically searched to identify all intervention studies assessing changes in the symptom severity of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (text revision fourth edition) Axis I disorders in clinical samples and/or known concomitants thereof in sub-clinical/healthy samples. The comprehensive database search yielded 342 papers and 20 studies (comprising a total of 1,312 participants) were eligible for inclusion. The Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies was then used to assess study quality. Participants demonstrated significant improvements across five psychopathology-relevant outcome domains: (i) positive and negative affect, (ii) psychological distress, (iii) positive thinking, (iv) interpersonal relations, and (v) empathic accuracy. It is concluded that LKM and CM interventions may have utility for treating a variety of psychopathologies. However, to overcome obstacles to clinical integration, a lessons-learned approach is recommended whereby issues encountered during the (ongoing) operationalization of mindfulness interventions are duly considered. In particular, there is a need to establish accurate working definitions for LKM and CM.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Mindfulness
Creators: Shonin, E., Van Gordon, W., Compare, A., Zangeneh, M. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Springer
Date: 2015
Volume: 6
Number: 5
ISSN: 1868-8527
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s12671-014-0368-1DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 30 Nov 2015 16:27
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:57
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/26555

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