Cross-national validation of the resources depletion-recovery model: an empirical study of Spanish
 and British theme park employees

Quinones, C, Rodríguez-Carvajal, R, Griffiths, MD ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Clarke, N, 2015. Cross-national validation of the resources depletion-recovery model: an empirical study of Spanish
 and British theme park employees. Aloma: Revista de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i de l'Esport, 33 (2), pp. 107-117. ISSN 1138-3194

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Abstract

Surface acting (SA) refers to the strategy whereby front-line employees hide their own emotions and fake those required of them within customer service transactions. Although researchers have associated SA with burnout, evidence now suggests that this could be an indirect relationship. Building on the Conservation of Resources theory, it was hypothesised that the combined effect of emotional effort and lack of rewarding interactions with customers triggered by SA would explain the strong association between SA and burnout (Studies 1 and 2). Furthermore, building on psychological recovery literature, it was hypothesised that the effort invested in SA would be a weaker predictor of front-line employees’ burnout in cases when they reported higher levels of recovery ability as opposed to lower levels (Study 2). A cross-national and cross-sectional design was used, and participants were theme park employees from UK (Study 1, NUK =204) and Spain (Study 2, NSpain=211). The explanatory role of emotional effort and rewarding interactions was supported, and the buffering effect of recovery ability was confirmed. Strategies aimed at minimising burnout risk for employees who deal with customers on a regular basis in these countries are discussed.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Aloma: Revista de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i de l'Esport
Creators: Quinones, C., Rodríguez-Carvajal, R., Griffiths, M.D. and Clarke, N.
Publisher: Universitat Ramon Llull, Facultat de Psicologia i Ciències de l'Educació
Date: 2015
Volume: 33
Number: 2
ISSN: 1138-3194
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 14 Jan 2016 15:47
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:58
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/26777

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