Assessing the validity of western measurement of online risks to children in an Asian context

Teimouri, M., Hassan, M.S., Griffiths, M. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Benrazavi, S.R., Bolong, J., Daud, A. and Adzharuddin, N.A., 2016. Assessing the validity of western measurement of online risks to children in an Asian context. Child Indicators Research, 9 (2), pp. 407-428. ISSN 1874-897X

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Abstract

Before the advent of the Internet, television with limited channels was the only media choice that most children were exposed to, and took place under family supervision. Children’s television viewing was controllable and the risks were limited to watching sexual and violent content. Nowadays, children are surrounded by a variety of digital media and are exposed to many different risks, many of which are still unknown and under-researched. For many children, the Internet is fully integrated into their daily lives, along with the potential risks. The present study aimed to (i) describe the level of risks children are exposed to, and (2) test the measurement validity of a total of 45 items assessing nine scales online risky behavior in children were adapted from studies carried out in Europe and the United States. The study comprised 420 school going children aged 9, 11, 13, 14, and 16 studying in Malaysia. Descriptive analyses showed that children were more exposed to ‘unwanted exposure to pornography’ and less to ‘conduct risk’. Boys and older children were more exposed to the risks compared to girls and younger children. The study validated five dimensions (inappropriate materials, sexting, contact-related risks on, risky online sexual behavior, and bullying/being bullied) assessing children’s online risky behavior by using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Further research is needed to investigate the measurement of children’s online risk, since the scales developed in Europe and the United States are not wholly suitable to an Asian context.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Child Indicators Research
Creators: Teimouri, M., Hassan, M.S., Griffiths, M., Benrazavi, S.R., Bolong, J., Daud, A. and Adzharuddin, N.A.
Publisher: Springer
Date: June 2016
Volume: 9
Number: 2
ISSN: 1874-897X
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s12187-015-9316-4DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 18 Jan 2016 09:59
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:58
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/26800

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