Addiction to Work: A Critical Review of the Workaholism Construct and Recommendations for Assessment

Quinones, C. and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2015. Addiction to Work: A Critical Review of the Workaholism Construct and Recommendations for Assessment. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 53 (10), pp. 48-59. ISSN 0279-3695

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Abstract

Workaholism was first conceptualized in the early 1970s as a behavioral addiction, featuring compulsive use and interpersonal conflict. The current article briefly examines the empirical and theoretical literature over the past four decades. In relation to conceptualization and measurement, how the concept of workaholism has worsened from using dimensions based on anecdotal evidence, ad-hoc measures with weak theoretical foundation, and poor factorial validity of multidimensional conceptualizations is highlighted. Benefits of building on the addiction literature to conceptualize workaholism are presented (including the only instrument that has used core addiction criteria: the Bergen Work Addiction Scale). Problems estimating accurate prevalence estimates of work addiction are also presented. Individual and sociocultural risk factors, and the negative consequences of workaholism from the addiction perspective (e.g., depression, burnout, poor health, life dissatisfaction, family/relationship problems) are discussed. The current article summarizes how current research can be used to evaluate workaholism by psychiatric–mental health nurses in clinical practice, including primary care and mental health settings. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 53 (10), 48-59.].

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Creators: Quinones, C. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Slack
Date: 2015
Volume: 53
Number: 10
ISSN: 0279-3695
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3928/02793695-20150923-04DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 17 Mar 2016 09:34
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27154

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