Compulsive Internet use and workaholism: An exploratory two-wave longitudinal study

Quinones, C, Griffiths, MD ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Kakabadse, NK, 2016. Compulsive Internet use and workaholism: An exploratory two-wave longitudinal study. Computers in Human Behavior, 60, pp. 492-499. ISSN 0747-5632

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Abstract

Workaholism refers to the uncontrollable need to work and comprises working compulsively (WC) and working excessively (WE). Compulsive Internet Use (CIU), involves a similar behavioural pattern although in specific relation to Internet use. Since many occupations rely upon use of the Internet, and the lines between home and the workplace have become increasingly blurred, a self-reinforcing pattern of workaholism and CIU could develop from those vulnerable to one or the other. The present study explored the relationship between these compulsive behaviours utilizing a two-wave longitudinal study over six months. A total of 244 participants who used the Internet as part of their occupational role and were in full-time employment completed the online survey at each wave. This survey contained previously validated measures of each variable. Data were analysed using cross-lagged analysis. Results indicated that Internet usage and CIU were reciprocally related, supporting the existence of tolerance in CIU. It was also found that CIU at Time 1 predicted WC at Time 2 and that WE was unrelated to CIU. It is concluded that a masking mechanism appears a sensible explanation for the findings. Although further studies are needed, these findings encourage a more holistic evaluation and treatment of compulsive behaviours.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Computers in Human Behavior
Creators: Quinones, C., Griffiths, M.D. and Kakabadse, N.K.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 2016
Volume: 60
ISSN: 0747-5632
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.chb.2016.02.060DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 17 Mar 2016 09:48
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27155

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