The design and evaluation of an open loop ground source heat pump operating in an ochre-rich coal mine water environment

Athresh, A.P., Al-Habaibeh, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-9867-6011 and Parker, K., 2016. The design and evaluation of an open loop ground source heat pump operating in an ochre-rich coal mine water environment. International Journal of Coal Geology, 164, pp. 69-76. ISSN 0166-5162

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Abstract

Mine water from the abandoned coal mines is considered a good source of low enthalpy energy resource as the temperature of the mine water remains stable throughout the year and is suitable to be used for heating and cooling applications when implemented in conjunction with Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP). The GSHP is considered to be a low carbon technology and its application for space heating and cooling is being actively investigated and developed by companies and local councils around the world. The open loop GSHP installations, in comparison to closed loop systems, are suitable and economical for large scale heating and cooling demands. This is because there is no time delay for heat transfer when compared with closed loop systems and because they use large volumes of coal mine water at a relatively constant temperatures. A few installations both large and small scale open loop mine water heating and cooling systems have been recently constructed throughout the world. However, coal mine water is associated with relatively poor water quality in some cases, often characterised by high salinity and pyrite oxidation. Despite the fact that mine water temperatures are favourably inclined for an efficient GSHP operations, concerns have been raised over the possibility of damage to the equipment due to poor water quality caused by clogging of the heat exchangers due to pyrite oxidation (ochre) in particular. Not much information is available on the impact of ochre has on the performance of an open loop GSHP when it is operated using the coal mine water rich in pyrite. This paper presents a novel design and implementation of an open loop system of GSHP operating in an ochre rich mine water environment. The results show that open loop systems, when combined with suitable heat pump and the associated design configurations of heat exchangers and maintenance procedures, could provide an efficient and reliable heating system at a lower cost.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Coal Geology
Creators: Athresh, A.P., Al-Habaibeh, A. and Parker, K.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 1 July 2016
Volume: 164
ISSN: 0166-5162
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.coal.2016.04.015DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 10 May 2016 11:18
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2017 14:41
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27757

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