Event-related potentials reveal the development of stable face representations from natural variability

Andrews, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-9916-9433, Burton, A.M., Schweinberger, S.R. and Wiese, H., 2016. Event-related potentials reveal the development of stable face representations from natural variability. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70 (8), pp. 1620-1632. ISSN 1747-0218

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Abstract

Natural variability between instances of unfamiliar faces can make it difficult to reconcile two images as the same person. Yet for familiar faces, effortless recognition occurs even with considerable variability between images. To explore how stable face representations develop, we employed incidental learning in the form of a face sorting task. In each trial, multiple images of two facial identities were sorted into two corresponding piles. Following the sort, participants showed evidence of having learnt the faces, performing more accurately on a matching task with seen than unseen identities. Furthermore, ventral temporal event-related potentials were more negative in the N250 time range for previously-seen than previously-unseen identities. These effects appear to demonstrate some degree of abstraction, rather than simple picture learning, as the neurophysiological and behavioural effects were observed with novel images of the previously-seen identities. The results provide evidence of the development of facial representations, allowing a window onto natural mechanisms of face learning.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Creators: Andrews, S., Burton, A.M., Schweinberger, S.R. and Wiese, H.
Publisher: Routledge
Date: 2 June 2016
Volume: 70
Number: 8
ISSN: 1747-0218
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/17470218.2016.1195851DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 03 Jun 2016 08:57
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 09:41
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27921

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