Exercise dependence in amateur competitors and non-competitor recreational exercisers

Menczel, Z, Griffiths, MD ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Vingender, I, Eisinger, A, Farkas, J, Magi, A, Mervó, B, Kökönyei, G and Demetrovics, Z, 2016. Exercise dependence in amateur competitors and non-competitor recreational exercisers. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 15 (3), pp. 580-587. ISSN 1557-1874

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Research has demonstrated that exercising has health promoting effects. However, if habitual sporting activities become uncontrollable, detrimental health consequences can occur among a minority of individuals. Furthermore, such obligatory exercise can cause serious decline in school/work productivity, as well as financial problems, relationship problems, and poor psychological and physical wellbeing. The aim of the present study was to compare characteristics related to exercise dependence (ED) between recreational exercisers and amateur competitors. A total of 1439 participants (41.4 % male; mean age = 32 years) completed a battery of measures including the Exercise Dependence Scale (EDS), SCOFF, Well-Being Questionnaire, and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale. Results showed that 6.5% of participants identified themselves as amateur competitive exercisers. Amateur competitors exercised significantly more (6.4 h) than non-competitor recreational exercisers (4.6 h). Amateur competitors also scored significantly higher on the EDS. Significant effects were found between competing and self-esteem concerning ED. Results showed that both features had a strong effect on ED. The study highlights the connection between ED symptoms and lower self-esteem and/or lower levels of subjective wellbeing. These influential factors are worth considering when planning preventive interventions addressing ED for both amateur competitors and non-competitive recreational athletes as well as when promoting sport as a healthy activity.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Creators: Menczel, Z., Griffiths, M.D., Vingender, I., Eisinger, A., Farkas, J., Magi, A., Mervó, B., Kökönyei, G. and Demetrovics, Z.
Publisher: Springer
Date: June 2016
Volume: 15
Number: 3
ISSN: 1557-1874
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 15 Jun 2016 15:05
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2017 11:42
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27989

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