A new fault diagnosis algorithm for helical gears rotating at low speed using an optical encoder

Shao, Y., Su, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-9541-8869, Al-Habaibeh, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-9867-6011 and Yu, W., 2016. A new fault diagnosis algorithm for helical gears rotating at low speed using an optical encoder. Measurement, 93, pp. 449-459. ISSN 0263-2241

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Abstract

Helical gears are widely used in gearboxes due to its low noise and high load carrying capacity, but it is difficult to diagnose their early faults based on the signals produced by condition monitoring systems, particularly when the gears rotate at low speed. In this paper, a new concept of Root Mean Square (RMS) value calculation using angle domain signals within small angular ranges is proposed. With this concept, a new diagnosis algorithm based on the time pulses of an encoder is developed to overcome the difficulty of fault diagnosis for helical gears at low rotational speeds. In this proposed algorithm, both acceleration signals and encoder impulse signal are acquired at the same time. The sampling rate and data length in angular domain are determined based on the rotational speed and size of the gear. The vibration signals in angular domain are obtained by re-sampling the vibration signal of the gear in the time domain according to the encoder pulse signal. The fault features of the helical gear at low rotational speed are then obtained with reference to the RMS values in small angular ranges and the order tracking spectrum following the Angular Domain Synchronous Average processing (ADSA). The new algorithm is not only able to reduce the noise and improves the signal to noise ratio by the ADSA method, but also extract s the features of helical gear fault from the meshing position of the faulty gear teeth, hence overcoming the difficulty of fault diagnosis of helical gears rotating at low speed. The experimental results have shown that the new algorithm is more effective than traditional diagnosis methods. The paper concludes that the proposed helical gear fault diagnosis method based on time pulses of encoder algorithm provides a new means of helical gear fault detection and diagnosis.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Measurement
Creators: Shao, Y., Su, D., Al-Habaibeh, A. and Yu, W.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: November 2016
Volume: 93
ISSN: 0263-2241
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.measurement.2016.07.013DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 11 Jul 2016 08:44
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2017 13:33
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28114

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