Managing the marine environment, conceptual models and assessment considerations for the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive

Smith, C.J., Papadopoulou, K.-N., Barnard, S., Mazik, K., Elliott, M., Patrício, J., Solaun, O., Little, S. ORCID: 0000-0001-5715-7429, Bhatia, N. and Borja, A., 2016. Managing the marine environment, conceptual models and assessment considerations for the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Frontiers in Marine Science, 3, p. 144. ISSN 2296-7745

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Abstract

Conceptual models summarize, visualize and explain actual or predicted situations and how they might be tackled. In recent years, Pressure-State-Response (P-S-R) frameworks have been central to conceptualizing marine ecosystem issues and then translating those to stakeholders, environmental managers and researchers. Society is concerned about the risks to the natural and human system posed by those Pressures (thus needing risk assessment) and then needs to act to minimize or compensate those risks (as risk management). This research relates this to
the DPSIR (Drivers-Pressure-State(change)-Impact-Response) hierarchical framework using standardized terminology/definitions and lists of impacting Activities and Pressures affecting ecosystem components, incorporating the European Marine Strategy
Framework Directive (MSFD) legal decision components. This uses the example of fishing activity and the pressure of abrasion from trawling on the seabed and its effects on particular ecosystem components. The mechanisms of Pressure acting on State changes are highlighted here as an additional refinement to DPSIR. The approach moves from conceptual models to actual assessments including: assessment methodologies
(interactive matrices, ecosystem modeling, Bayesian Belief Networks, Bow-tie approach, some assessment tools) data availability, confidence, scaling, cumulative effects and multiple simultaneous Pressures, which more often occur in multi-use and multi-user areas. In defining and describing the DPSIR Conceptual Framework we consider its use in real-world ecosystems affected by multiple pressures or multiple mechanisms of single pressures, and show how it facilitates management and assessment issues with particular relevance to the MSFD.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Frontiers in Marine Science
Creators: Smith, C.J., Papadopoulou, K.-N., Barnard, S., Mazik, K., Elliott, M., Patrício, J., Solaun, O., Little, S., Bhatia, N. and Borja, A.
Publisher: Frontiers
Date: 25 August 2016
Volume: 3
ISSN: 2296-7745
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3389/fmars.2016.00144DOI
Rights: Copyright © 2016 Smith, Papadopoulou, Barnard, Mazik, Elliott, Patrício, Solaun, Little, Bhatia and Borja. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 26 Aug 2016 08:50
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2017 12:09
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28356

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