Miniaturized and High-Throughput Assays for Analysis of T-Cell Immunity Specific for Opportunistic Pathogens and HIV

Li Pira, G., Ivaldi, F., Starc, N., Landi, F., Locatelli, F., Rutella, S. ORCID: 0000-0003-1970-7375, Tripodi, G. and Manca, F., 2014. Miniaturized and High-Throughput Assays for Analysis of T-Cell Immunity Specific for Opportunistic Pathogens and HIV. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 21 (4), pp. 488-495. ISSN 1556-6811

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Abstract

Monitoring of antigen-specific T-cell responses is valuable in numerous conditions that include infectious diseases, vaccinations, and opportunistic infections associated with acquired or congenital immune defects. A variety of assays that make use of peripheral lymphocytes to test activation markers, T-cell receptor expression, or functional responses are currently available. The last
group of assays calls for large numbers of functional lymphocytes. The number of cells increases with the number of antigens to be tested. Consequently, cells may be the limiting factor, particularly in lymphopenic subjects and in children, the groups that more often require immune monitoring. We have developed immunochemical assays that measure secreted cytokines in the same wells in which peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) are cultured. This procedure lent itself to miniaturization and automation. Lymphoproliferation and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISPOT) assay have been adapted to a miniaturized format. Here we provide examples of immune profiles and describe a comparison between miniaturized assays based on cytokine secretion or proliferation. We also demonstrate that these assays are convenient for use in testing antigen specificity in
established T-cell lines, in addition to analysis of PBMC. In summary, the applicabilities of miniaturization to save cells and reagents and of automation to save time and increase accuracy were demonstrated in this study using different methodological approaches valuable in the clinical immunology laboratory.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology
Creators: Li Pira, G., Ivaldi, F., Starc, N., Landi, F., Locatelli, F., Rutella, S., Tripodi, G. and Manca, F.
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Date: April 2014
Volume: 21
Number: 4
ISSN: 1556-6811
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1128/CVI.00660-13DOI
Rights: Copyright © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 12 Sep 2016 15:36
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:05
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28458

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