Press coverage as a heuristic guide for social decision-making about sexual offenders

Harper, C.A. ORCID: 0000-0002-3172-0129 and Hogue, T.E., 2017. Press coverage as a heuristic guide for social decision-making about sexual offenders. Psychology, Crime & Law, 23 (2), pp. 118-134. ISSN 1068-316X

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Abstract

We present two studies examining the role of the British press in promoting heuristic-based decision-making about sexual crime. In Study 1, 1,014 press articles were used in order to examine the role of the availability heuristic. That is, we used the recent high-profile Jimmy Savile sexual offending scandal to investigate how this case impacted upon press reporting of sexual crime. We found a 295% increase in the frequency of sexual crime coverage after this case, in addition to a 22:1 over-representation of sexual crime prevalence. Linguistically, tabloid stories about sexual crime did not significantly differ in the twelve months following the Jimmy Savile scandal, though broadsheets were less negative in their coverage after the scandal broke. Tabloid headline descriptors of sexual offenders were also substantially more offensive than those used by broadsheets. In Study 2, tabloid readership was associated with more negative attitudes and preferences for harsher punishments for sexual offenders, which we propose may be attributable to the affect heuristic. We discuss our findings within the context of dual-process cognition, and argue that the national press promote heuristic-based thinking about the issue of sexual offending. Future research avenues, and potential implications for press engagement, are also identified.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Media and sex crime judgements
Publication Title: Psychology, Crime & Law
Creators: Harper, C.A. and Hogue, T.E.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis for the European Association of Psychology and Law (EAPL)
Date: 2017
Volume: 23
Number: 2
ISSN: 1068-316X
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/1068316X.2016.1227816DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 16 Sep 2016 09:21
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 11:21
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28556

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