Transitioning from child and adolescent mental health services with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Ireland: case note review

Tatlow-Golden, M., Gavin, B., McNamara, N. ORCID: 0000-0003-3123-3678, Singh, S., Ford, T., Paul, M., Cullen, W. and McNicholas, F., 2017. Transitioning from child and adolescent mental health services with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Ireland: case note review. Early Intervention in Psychiatry. ISSN 1751-7893

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Abstract

Aim:
In a context of international concern about early adult mental health service provision, this study identifies characteristics and service outcomes of young people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) reaching the child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) transition boundary in Ireland.
Methods:
The iTRACK study invited all 60 CAMHS teams in Ireland to participate; 8 teams retrospectively identified clinical case files for 62 eligible young people reaching the CAMHS transition boundary in all four Health Service Executive Regions. A secondary case note analysis identified characteristics, co-morbidities, referral and service outcomes for iTRACK cases with ADHD (n = 20).
Results:
Two-thirds of young people with ADHD were on psychotropic medication and half had mental health co-morbidities, yet none was directly transferred to public adult mental health services (AMHS) at the transition boundary. Nearly half were retained in CAMHS, for an average of over a year; most either disengaged from services (40%) and/or actively refused transfer to AMHS (35%) at or after the transition boundary. There was a perception by CAMHS clinicians that adult services did not accept ADHD cases or lacked relevant service/expertise.

Conclusions:
Despite high rates of medication use and comorbid mental health difficulties, there appears to be a complete absence of referral to publically available adult mental health services for ADHD youth transitioning from CAMHS in Ireland. More understanding of obstacles and optimum service configuration is essential to ensure that care is both available and accessible to young people with ADHD.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Creators: Tatlow-Golden, M., Gavin, B., McNamara, N., Singh, S., Ford, T., Paul, M., Cullen, W. and McNicholas, F.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd
Date: 10 May 2017
ISSN: 1751-7893
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/eip.12408DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 06 Oct 2016 13:38
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:07
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28804

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