Evaluation of a group acceptance commitment therapy intervention for people with knee or hip osteoarthritis: a pilot randomized controlled trial

Clarke, SP ORCID: 0000-0002-6708-0194, Poulis, N, Moreton, BJ, Walsh, DA and Lincoln, NB, 2016. Evaluation of a group acceptance commitment therapy intervention for people with knee or hip osteoarthritis: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Disability and Rehabilitation, pp. 1-8. ISSN 0963-8288

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Abstract

Objectives: The aim was to evaluate an Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT) intervention for people with knee or hip osteoarthritis; a related aim was to compare treatment effects from Rasch-transformed and standard scales. Methods: Participants were recruited from a research database and outpatient rheumatology and orthopaedic clinics at two hospitals. Eligible participants were randomly allocated to either intervention or usual care. Intervention comprised six-sessions of group ACT. Outcomes were assessed two and four months after randomisation. Rasch-transformed and standard self-report measures were compared. Qualitative interviews also explored the acceptability of the intervention. Results: Of 8 people assessed for eligibility, 31 (36%) were randomised. The main reason for non-randomisation was that participants received surgery. Of the 16 participants randomised to intervention, 64% completed ≥50% of the scheduled group sessions. Follow-up data was complete for 84% participants at two months and 68% at four months. Outcome analysis demonstrated important differences between the Rasch-transformed and standard scales. There were significant differences between the groups in pain. Qualitative interviews with 7 participants suggested the intervention was acceptable. Conclusions: ACT for osteoarthritis is likely to be an acceptable treatment option for people with osteoarthritis. Progress to a definitive trial is warranted. Rasch-transformed outcome scales are preferable in clinical trials where possible.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Disability and Rehabilitation
Creators: Clarke, S.P., Poulis, N., Moreton, B.J., Walsh, D.A. and Lincoln, N.B.
Date: 28 January 2016
ISSN: 0963-8288
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3109/09638288.2016.1160295DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Richard Cross
Date Added: 02 Dec 2016 10:28
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:09
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/29218

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