Internal structure and significance of ice-marginal moraine in the Kebnekaise Mountains, northern Sweden

Tonkin, T.N., Midgley, N.G. ORCID: 0000-0003-0076-1785, Graham, D.J. and Labadz, J.C. ORCID: 0000-0002-1574-7540, 2017. Internal structure and significance of ice-marginal moraine in the Kebnekaise Mountains, northern Sweden. Boreas, 46 (2), pp. 199-211. ISSN 0300-9483

[img] Text
7552_Midgley.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 23 December 2017.

Download (1MB)

Abstract

Despite a long history of glaciological research, the palaeo-environmental significance of moraine systems in the Kebnekaise Mountains, Sweden, has remained uncertain. These landforms offer the potential to elucidate glacier response prior to the period of direct monitoring and provide an insight into the ice-marginal processes operating at polythermal valley glaciers. This study set out to test existing interpretations of Scandinavian ice-marginal moraines, which invoke ice stagnation, pushing, stacking/dumping and push-deformation as important moraine forming processes. Moraines at Isfallsglaciären were investigated using ground-penetrating radar to document the internal structural characteristics of the landform assemblage. Radar surveys revealed a range of substrate composition and reflectors, indicating a debris- ice interface and bounding surfaces within the moraine. The moraine is demonstrated to contain both ice-rich and debris-rich zones, reflecting a complex depositional history and a polygenetic origin. As a consequence of glacier overriding, the morphology of these landforms provides a misleading indicator of glacial history. Traditional geochronological methods are unlikely to be effective on this type of land- form as the fresh surface may post-date the formation of the landform following reoccupation of the moraine rampart by the glacier. This research highlights that the interpretation of geochronological data sets from similar moraine systems should be undertaken with caution.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Boreas
Creators: Tonkin, T.N., Midgley, N.G., Graham, D.J. and Labadz, J.C.
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Date: 2017
Volume: 46
Number: 2
ISSN: 0300-9483
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/bor.12220DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 31 Jan 2017 08:40
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:12
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30077

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year