Meditation awareness training for the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome: A randomized controlled trial

Van Gordon, W. ORCID: 0000-0002-5648-3043, Shonin, E., Dunn, T.J., Garcia-Campayo, J. and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2017. Meditation awareness training for the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome: A randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Health Psychology, 22 (1), pp. 186-206. ISSN 1359-107X

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Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to conduct the first randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a second-generation mindfulness-based intervention (SG-MBI) for treating fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Compared to first-generation mindfulness-based interventions, SG-MBIs are more acknowledging of the spiritual aspect of mindfulness.
Design: A randomised controlled trial employing intent-to-treat analysis.
Methods: Adults with FMS received an eight-week SG-MBI known as Meditation Awareness Training (MAT; n = 74) or an active control intervention known as Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy for Groups (n = 74). Assessments were performed at pre-, post-, and six-month follow-up phases.
Results: MAT participants demonstrated significant and sustained improvements over control-group participants in FMS symptomatology, pain perception, sleep quality, psychological distress, non-attachment (to self, symptoms, and environment), and civic engagement. A mediation analysis found that (i) civic engagement partially mediated treatment effects for all outcome variables, (ii) non-attachment partially mediated treatment effects for psychological distress and sleep quality, and (iii) non-attachment almost fully mediated treatment effects for FMS symptomatology and pain perception. Average daily time spent in meditation was found to be a significant predictor of changes in all outcome variables.
Conclusions: MAT may be a suitable treatment for adults with FMS and appears to ameliorate FMS symptomatology and pain perception by reducing attachment to self.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: British Journal of Health Psychology
Creators: Van Gordon, W., Shonin, E., Dunn, T.J., Garcia-Campayo, J. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: John Wiley
Date: February 2017
Volume: 22
Number: 1
ISSN: 1359-107X
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/bjhp.12224DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 14 Mar 2017 12:28
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:13
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30377

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