The development of the Problematic Pornography Consumption Scale (PPCS)

Bőthe, B., Tóth-Király, I., Zsila, Á., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Demetrovics, Z. and Orosz, G., 2017. The development of the Problematic Pornography Consumption Scale (PPCS). The Journal of Sex Research. ISSN 0022-4499

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Abstract

Background: To date, no short scale exists with strong psychometric properties that can assess problematic pornography consumption based on an overarching theoretical background. Objectives: The goal of the present study was to develop a brief scale (Problematic Pornography Consumption Scale; PPCS) on the basis of Griffiths` (2005) six-component addiction model that can distinguish between non-problematic and problematic pornography use. Methods: The PPCS was developed using an online sample of 772 respondents (390 females, 382 males; Mage = 22.56, SD = 4.98 years). Items creation was based on previous problematic pornography use instruments and on the definitions of the factors of Griffiths’ model. Results: A confirmatory factor analysis was carried out—as the scale is based on a well-established theoretical model—leading to an 18-item second-order factor structure. The reliability of the PPCS was excellent and measurement invariance was established. In the current sample, 3.6% of the users belonged to the at-risk group. Based on the sensitivity and specificity analyses we identified an optimal cut-off to distinguish between problematic and non-problematic pornography users. Conclusion: The PPCS is a multidimensional scale of problematic pornography use with strong theoretical basis that also has strong psychometric properties in terms of factor structure and reliability.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: The Journal of Sex Research
Creators: Bőthe, B., Tóth-Király, I., Zsila, Á., Griffiths, M.D., Demetrovics, Z. and Orosz, G.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis for the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality
Date: 6 March 2017
ISSN: 0022-4499
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/00224499.2017.1291798DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 14 Mar 2017 16:49
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2017 08:44
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30387

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