A perspective on current research investigating the effects of hormonal contraceptives on determinants of female athlete performance

Martin, D ORCID: 0000-0001-8431-6659 and Elliott-Sale, K ORCID: 0000-0003-1122-5099, 2016. A perspective on current research investigating the effects of hormonal contraceptives on determinants of female athlete performance. Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte, 30 (4), pp. 1087-1096. ISSN 1807-5509

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Abstract

Hormonal contraceptives are used by approximately half of female athletes and may affect athletic performance as a result of their action on the endogenous hormonal milieu. In athletes, hormonal contraceptive use appears to have little effect on body composition, however further studies are needed assessing progestin-only contraceptives as they may have a negative effect in the general population. The type of progestin contained within the contraceptive may influence the anabolic response of muscle to loading although this relationship is complex as it may be due to either direct or indirect effects of exogenous hormones on protein synthesis and satellite cell proliferation. The altered hormonal milieu in hormonal contraceptive users has predominately been shown to have no effect on muscle strength and whilst maximal oxygen uptake is sometimes reduced, this does not translate into measures of performance. The majority of previous research has used cross-sectional designs and/or grouped together different types and brands of hormonal contraceptives and little research has been conducted on progestin-only contraceptives in athletes. Future research should use prospective, randomised-controlled designs to assess the effects of all types of hormonal contraceptives on athletic performance in females.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Uma perspectiva sobre a investigação dos efeitos dos contraceptivos hormonais sobre os fatores determinantes do desempenho de mulheres atletas
Publication Title: Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte
Creators: Martin, D. and Elliott-Sale, K.
Publisher: Escola de Educação Física e Esporte da Universidade de São Paulo
Date: October 2016
Volume: 30
Number: 4
ISSN: 1807-5509
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1590/1807-55092016000401087DOI
S1807-55092016000401087Publisher Item Identifier
Rights: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 23 Mar 2017 15:04
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:13
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30436

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