A pilot study evaluating the effects of a 12 week exergaming programme on body mass, size and composition in postpartum females

Elliott-Sale, K.J. ORCID: 0000-0003-1122-5099, Hannah, R., Bussell, C.D., Parsons, A., Woodrow Jones, P.G. and Sale, C. ORCID: 0000-0002-5816-4169, 2014. A pilot study evaluating the effects of a 12 week exergaming programme on body mass, size and composition in postpartum females. International Journal of Multidisciplinary and Current Research, 2 (Jan), pp. 131-138. ISSN 2321–3124

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Abstract

Introduction: Pregnancy is associated with weight gain, the retention of which contributes to the prevalence of obesity and overweight in adult females. Many new mothers do not achieve the recommendations for physical activity (PA), citing factors such as a lack of time and access to childcare. Exergaming may address some of the barriers to PA and offer an alternative to traditional exercise, thus aiding in weight management. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of an exergaming intervention on body composition in postpartum females. Methods: Eight females who had given birth within 1 year completed a 12 week exergaming intervention, which required them to exercise at home for 45 minutes on alternate days, using the Wii Fit. Participants self-reported their pre-pregnancy body weight, and visited the laboratory prior to and following the intervention for evaluation of body
weight, size (height, regional circumferences, body mass index [BMI]) and composition (fat mass [FM], lean mass [LM] and bone mineral content [BMC]). Body composition was evaluated via full body full-body dual-energy x-ray
absorptiometry scan. Participants completed a three-day weighed food intake at three time-points. Results: Baseline body mass was 8.2 kg greater than self-reported pre-pregnancy values (56.8 ± 5.1 kg). Following the
intervention, body mass was significantly lower than baseline values and was similar to pre-pregnancy levels (59.9 ± 7.9 kg). Reductions in BMI (~2 kg·m2
), waist, hip and bust circumference (3-6%) accompanied the loss of body mass. Food diaries confirmed participants had not altered their energy intake.
Discussion: The results of this pilot study indicate that exergaming may offer an alternative to traditional exercise for preventing the retention of gestational weight gain and reducing associated health risks, whilst also maintaining lean mass and bone mineral content.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Multidisciplinary and Current Research
Creators: Elliott-Sale, K.J., Hannah, R., Bussell, C.D., Parsons, A., Woodrow Jones, P.G. and Sale, C.
Publisher: IJMCR
Date: 10 February 2014
Volume: 2
Number: Jan
ISSN: 2321–3124
Rights: Open access. © Copyright by IJMCR.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 23 Mar 2017 16:59
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:13
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30438

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