Adverse life events, cardiovascular responses, and sports performance under pressure

Moore, L.J., Young, T., Freeman, P. and Sarkar, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-8338-8500, 2017. Adverse life events, cardiovascular responses, and sports performance under pressure. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. ISSN 0905-7188

[img] Text
PubSub8632Sarkar.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 5 June 2018.

Download (325kB)

Abstract

Research suggests that experiencing a moderate number of adverse life events can benefit future stress responses.
This study explored the relationship between adverse life
(i.e., non-sport) events and cardiovascular responses to, and performance during, a pressurized sporting task. One hundred participants (64 men, 36 women; M age=21.94 years,
SD age=4.98) reported the number of adverse life events (e.g., serious accident or injury) they had encountered
before completing a pressurized dart-throwing task during which performance was recorded. Before the task, participants' demand and resource evaluations and cardiovascular reactivity were assessed. Adverse life events did not impact demand and resource evaluations. However,
participants who reported 4-7 adverse life events displayed cardiovascular responses more reflective of a challenge state (relatively lower total peripheral resistance and/or higher cardiac output) compared to those who reported a lower (<4) or higher (>7) number of events. Furthermore, participants who reported 3-13 adverse life events
outperformed those who reported a lower (<3) or higher (>13)
number of events. Supplementary analyses suggested that this
relationship might be due to a small number of extreme values. However, after outlier analyses, a significant
linear relationship remained suggesting that a higher
number of adverse life events facilitated performance. The results suggest that experiencing a moderate to high number of adverse life events might have beneficial effects on
subsequent cardiovascular responses and performance under pressure. Practitioners should therefore consider prior brushes with adversity when identifying athletes who are likely to excel during stressful competition.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Adverse events and pressurized performance
Publication Title: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Creators: Moore, L.J., Young, T., Freeman, P. and Sarkar, M.
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Date: 28 June 2017
ISSN: 0905-7188
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/sms.12928DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 22 Jun 2017 08:31
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2017 11:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/31049

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year