Shape information mediating basic- and subordinate-level object recognition revealed by analyses of eye movements

Davitt, L.I., Cristino, F. ORCID: 0000-0002-9366-293X, Wong, A.C.-N. and Leek, E.C., 2014. Shape information mediating basic- and subordinate-level object recognition revealed by analyses of eye movements. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40 (2), pp. 451-456. ISSN 0096-1523

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Abstract

This study examines the kinds of shape features that mediate basic- and subordinate-level object recognition. Observers were trained to categorize sets of novel objects at either a basic (between-families) or subordinate (within-family) level of classification. We analyzed the spatial distributions of fixations and compared them to model distributions of different curvature polarity (regions of convex or concave bounding contour), as well as internal part boundaries. The results showed a robust preference for fixation at part boundaries and for concave over convex regions of bounding contour, during both basic- and subordinate-level classification. In contrast, mean saccade amplitudes were shorter during basic- than subordinate-level classification. These findings challenge models of recognition that do not posit any special functional status to part boundaries or curvature polarity. We argue that both basic- and subordinate-level classification are mediated by object representations. These representations make explicit internal part boundaries, and distinguish concave and convex regions of bounding contour. The classification task constrains how shape information in these representations is used, consistent with the hypothesis that both parts-based, and image-based, operations support object recognition in human vision.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Creators: Davitt, L.I., Cristino, F., Wong, A.C.-N. and Leek, E.C.
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Date: 2014
Volume: 40
Number: 2
ISSN: 0096-1523
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1037/a0034983DOI
2013-44769-001Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 16 Oct 2017 08:03
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2017 08:09
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/31816

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