Acute effects of exercise on appetite, ad libitum energy intake and appetite-regulatory hormones in lean and overweight/obese men and women

Douglas, J.A., King, J.A., Clayton, D.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-5481-0891, Jackson, A.P., Sargeant, J.A., Thackray, A.E., Davies, M.J. and Stensel, D.J., 2017. Acute effects of exercise on appetite, ad libitum energy intake and appetite-regulatory hormones in lean and overweight/obese men and women. International Journal of Obesity. ISSN 0307-0565

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Abstract

Background:
Acute exercise does not elicit compensatory changes in appetite parameters in lean individuals; however, less is known about responses in overweight individuals. This study compared the acute effects of moderate-intensity exercise on appetite, energy intake and appetite-regulatory hormones in lean and overweight/obese individuals.
Methods:
Forty-seven healthy lean (n=22, 11 females; mean (s.d.) 37.5 (15.2) years; 22.4 (1.5) kg m−2) and overweight/obese (n=25, 11 females; 45.0 (12.4) years, 29.2 (2.9) kg m−2) individuals completed two, 8 h trials (exercise and control). In the exercise trial, participants completed 60 min treadmill exercise (59 (4)% peak oxygen uptake) at 0–1 h and rested thereafter while participants rested throughout the control trial. Appetite ratings and concentrations of acylated ghrelin, peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) were measured at predetermined intervals. Standardised meals were consumed at 1.5 and 4 h and an ad libitum buffet meal was provided at 7 h.
Results:
Exercise suppressed appetite (95% confidence interval (CI) −3.1 to −0.5 mm, P=0.01), and elevated delta PYY (95% CI 10 to 17 pg ml−1, P<0.001) and GLP-1 (95% CI 7 to 10 pmol l−1, P<0.001) concentrations. Delta acylated ghrelin concentrations (95% CI −5 to 3 pg ml−1, P=0.76) and ad libitum energy intake (95% CI −391 to 346 kJ, P=0.90) were similar between trials. Subjective and hormonal appetite parameters and ad libitum energy intake were similar between lean and overweight/obese individuals (Pgreater than or equal to0.27). The exercise-induced elevation in delta GLP-1 was greater in overweight/obese individuals (trial-by-group interaction P=0.01), whereas lean individuals exhibited a greater exercise-induced increase in delta PYY (trial-by-group interaction P<0.001).
Conclusions:
Acute moderate-intensity exercise transiently suppressed appetite and increased PYY and GLP-1 in the hours after exercise without stimulating compensatory changes in appetite in lean or overweight/obese individuals. These findings underscore the ability of exercise to induce a short-term energy deficit without any compensatory effects on appetite regardless of weight status.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Obesity
Creators: Douglas, J.A., King, J.A., Clayton, D.J., Jackson, A.P., Sargeant, J.A., Thackray, A.E., Davies, M.J. and Stensel, D.J.
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Date: 12 September 2017
ISSN: 0307-0565
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1038/ijo.2017.181DOI
ijo2017181Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 23 Oct 2017 13:11
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 13:15
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/31851

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