Low maternal vitamin B12 status is associated with lower cord blood HDL cholesterol in white Caucasians living in the UK

Adaikalakoteswari, A. ORCID: 0000-0003-2974-3388, Vatish, M., Lawson, A., Wood, C., Sivakumar, K., McTernan, P.G. ORCID: 0000-0001-9023-0261, Webster, C., Anderson, N., Yajnik, C.S., Tripathi, G. and Saravanan, P., 2015. Low maternal vitamin B12 status is associated with lower cord blood HDL cholesterol in white Caucasians living in the UK. Nutrients, 7 (4), pp. 2401-2414. ISSN 2072-6643

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Abstract

Background and Aims:
Studies in South Asian population show that low maternal vitamin B12 associates with insulin resistance and small for gestational age in the offspring. Low vitamin B12 status is attributed to vegetarianism in these populations. It is not known whether low B12 status is associated with metabolic risk of the offspring in whites, where the childhood metabolic disorders are increasing rapidly. Here, we studied whether maternal B12 levels associate with metabolic risk of the offspring at birth.
Methods:
This is a cross-sectional study of 91 mother-infant pairs (n = 182), of white Caucasian origin living in the UK. Blood samples were collected from white pregnant women at delivery and their newborns (cord blood). Serum vitamin B12, folate, homocysteine as well as the relevant metabolic risk factors were measured.
Results:
The prevalence of low serum vitamin B12 (<191 ng/L) and folate (<4.6 μg/L) were 40% and 11%, respectively. Maternal B12 was inversely associated with offspring’s Homeostasis Model Assessment 2-Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), triglycerides, homocysteine and positively with HDL-cholesterol after adjusting for age and BMI. In regression analysis, after adjusting for likely confounders, maternal B12 is independently associated with neonatal HDL-cholesterol and homocysteine but not triglycerides or HOMA-IR.
Conclusions:
Our study shows that low B12 status is common in white women and is independently associated with adverse cord blood cholesterol.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Nutrients
Creators: Adaikalakoteswari, A., Vatish, M., Lawson, A., Wood, C., Sivakumar, K., McTernan, P.G., Webster, C., Anderson, N., Yajnik, C.S., Tripathi, G. and Saravanan, P.
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date: 2015
Volume: 7
Number: 4
ISSN: 2072-6643
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3390/nu7042401DOI
nu7042401Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 30 Oct 2017 10:54
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2018 16:11
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/31910

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