Detection of flexibly bound adsorbate using the nonlinear response of quartz crystal resonator driven at high oscillation amplitude

Khobragade, S., Swarbrick, S., Gruia, V.-T., Efimov, I. ORCID: 0000-0002-0844-3936, Ispas, A., Ostanin, V., Bund, A. and Ghosh, S., 2017. Detection of flexibly bound adsorbate using the nonlinear response of quartz crystal resonator driven at high oscillation amplitude. Electrochimica Acta, 252, pp. 424-429. ISSN 0013-4686

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Abstract

Flexibly bound heavy adsorbates as antibodies, biomarkers, microbeads, bacteria do not produce response at quartz resonators accounted by their mass alone, which complicates their acoustic detection. To resolve this problem, an anharmonic detection technique (ADT) has been developed. It generates higher harmonics by applying a high voltage (0.7–10 V) fundamental frequency excitation to 14.3 MHz AT-cut quartz crystal. Due to non-linearity the parameters of generated oscillations depend on the amplitude A of the applied signal, being proportional to A2 for the fundamental resonance frequency and mainly to A3 for the amplitude of generated 3rd harmonics. The coefficients of proportionality depend on number of attached particles, but not on their mass and can be calculated from the phenomenological model based on Duffing equation with damping. The model was tested in liquids of various viscosity, on composite layer including polymer film with deposited gold nanoparticles and in electrochemical mode for E.-coli adsorption.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Electrochimica Acta
Creators: Khobragade, S., Swarbrick, S., Gruia, V.-T., Efimov, I., Ispas, A., Ostanin, V., Bund, A. and Ghosh, S.
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Date: 20 October 2017
Volume: 252
ISSN: 0013-4686
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.electacta.2017.09.027DOI
S0013468617318996Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 02 Nov 2017 11:07
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2017 13:35
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/31942

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