Intentionally fabricated autobiographical memories

Justice, L.V. ORCID: 0000-0003-3394-2283, Morrison, C.M. and Conway, M.A., 2017. Intentionally fabricated autobiographical memories. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. ISSN 1747-0218

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Abstract

Participants generated both autobiographical memories (AMs) that they believed to be true and intentionally fabricated autobiographical memories (IFAMs). Memories were constructed while a concurrent memory load (random 8-digit sequence) was held in mind or while there was no concurrent load. Amount and accuracy of recall of the concurrent memory load was reliably poorer following generation of IFAMs relative to AMs. There was, however, no reliable effect of load on memory generation times however IFAMs always took longer to construct than AMs. Finally, replicating previous findings, fewer IFAMs had a field perspective than AMs, IFAMs were less vivid than AMs, and IFAMs contained more motion words (indicative of increased cognitive load). Taken together these findings show a pattern of systematic differences that mark out IFAMs and they also show that IFAMs can be identified indirectly by lowered performance on concurrent tasks that increase cognitive load.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Creators: Justice, L.V., Morrison, C.M. and Conway, M.A.
Publisher: Sage
Date: 2017
ISSN: 1747-0218
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/17470218.2016.1254262DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 15 Nov 2017 14:42
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2017 03:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/32033

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