Evaluating water quality and ecotoxicology assessment techniques using data from a lead and zinc effected upland limestone catchment

Valencia-Avellan, M., Slack, R., Stockdale, A. and Mortimer, R.J.G. ORCID: 0000-0003-1292-8861, 2018. Evaluating water quality and ecotoxicology assessment techniques using data from a lead and zinc effected upland limestone catchment. Water Research, 128, pp. 49-60. ISSN 0043-1354

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Abstract

Point and diffuse sources associated with historical metal ore mining are major causes of metal pollution. The understanding of metal behaviour and fate has been improved by the integration of water chemistry, metal availability and toxicity. Efforts have been devoted to the development of efficient methods of assessing and managing the risk posed by metals to aquatic life and meeting national water quality standards. This study focuses on the evaluation of current water quality and ecotoxicology techniques for the metal assessment of an upland limestone catchment located within a historical metal (lead ore) mining area in northern England. Within this catchment, metal toxicity occurs at circumneutral pH (6.2-7.5). Environmental Quality Standards (EQSs) based on a simple single concentration approach like hardness based EQS (EQS-H) are more overprotective, and from sixteen sites monitored in this study more than twelve sites (>75%) failed the EQSs for Zn and Pb. By increasing the complexity of assessment tools (e.g. bioavailability-based (EQS-B)and WHAM-FTOX), less conservative limits were provided, decreasing the number of sites with predicted ecological risk to seven (44%). Thus, this research supports the use of bioavailability-based approaches and their applicability for future metal risk assessments.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Water Research
Creators: Valencia-Avellan, M., Slack, R., Stockdale, A. and Mortimer, R.J.G.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 1 January 2018
Volume: 128
ISSN: 0043-1354
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.watres.2017.10.031DOI
S0043135417308680Publisher Item Identifier
Rights: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 29 Nov 2017 12:09
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2017 12:09
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/32101

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