Entrepreneurship, gender gap and developing economies: the case of post-apartheid South Africa

Nyakudya, F.W. ORCID: 0000-0003-3482-3614, Simba, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-0276-8211 and Herrington, M., 2018. Entrepreneurship, gender gap and developing economies: the case of post-apartheid South Africa. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 30 (4), pp. 293-324. ISSN 0827-6331

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Abstract

This empirical study examines the extent to which risk aversion and entrepreneurial ability influence an individual's decision to enter into entrepreneurship. Precisely, it delineates the gender gap in self-employment, nascent and high growth entrepreneurship. In doing so, it utilises the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor South Africa databases containing 19,469 usable cases sampled between 2009 and 2014. The study adopts a quantitative approach and it applies an estimator in the form of a probit model and a non-linear decomposition technique to test established hypotheses. The results indicate that lower levels of knowledge and skills among women explain a substantial part of the gender gap. Thus, the gender gap in nascent and high growth entrepreneurship would be reduced if women had similar characteristics as men. Also, their entry rates into self-employment would be high and there would be no gender difference. This shifts the emphasis from the significance of risk aversion for local entrepreneurship to accentuate the importance of entrepreneurial-specific skills required to successfully engage in entrepreneurship.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship
Creators: Nyakudya, F.W., Simba, A. and Herrington, M.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date: 2018
Volume: 30
Number: 4
ISSN: 0827-6331
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/08276331.2017.1412612DOI
656118Other
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 11 Jan 2018 12:25
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2020 15:42
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/32396

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