The analysis of organic ballistic materials

Dalby, O.J., 2011. The analysis of organic ballistic materials. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.

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Abstract

Both gas chromatography/mass chromatography (GC/MS) and solid phase microextraction (SPME) methodologies have been developed for the extraction and analysis of compounds encountered in relation to unburned propellant powders from firearm ammunitions. These methods allowed the detection of 27 compounds that may be present in organic gunshot residues (OGSR). The developed methodologies were applied to the analysis of unburned propellant and OGSR from spent ammunition cartridges and fabrics subjected to firearm discharges. Throughout the study a total of 16 ammunition types where investigated. Work carried out on the suitability of various SPME fibre types showed that 65μm PDMS/DVB was the most appropriate type for extracting the compounds of interest. Extractions carried out on unburned propellant powders showed that all of the ammunitions analysed produced different chromatographic results. All of the ammunitions in the analysed population could be differentiated from one another; it was determined to be highly unlikely that false matches could occur.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Dalby, O.J.
Date: 2011
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of the author. You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non-commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, or if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed in the first instance to the owner(s) of the Intellectual Property Rights.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:36
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 09:36
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/326

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