Cross-national differences in risk preference and individual deprivation: a large-scale empirical study

Canale, N., Vieno, A., Lenzi, M., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Perkins, D.D. and Santinello, M., 2018. Cross-national differences in risk preference and individual deprivation: a large-scale empirical study. Personality and Individual Differences: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences (ISSID), 126, pp. 52-60. ISSN 0191-8869

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Abstract

Although risk-taking has been found to be associated with economic deprivation, there is little evidence on whether the relation between individual deprivation and propensity for risk-taking is inherent to all individuals, or varies across cultural contexts. Consequently, the present study investigated the interaction effects of macroeconomic factors [Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita and Human Development Index (HDI)] in the relationship between individual deprivation and propensity for risk-taking using the World Values Survey data from 58 countries (N = 87,223). On average, individuals in more developed countries (higher HDI) had less propensity for risk-taking. In contradiction to this, the positive association between individual deprivation and risk-taking was stronger in countries with higher GDP per capita. The present study suggests that the association between individual deprivation and propensity for risk-taking varies with environmental variables assessing the socio-economic development of a country.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Personality and Individual Differences: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences (ISSID)
Creators: Canale, N., Vieno, A., Lenzi, M., Griffiths, M.D., Perkins, D.D. and Santinello, M.
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Date: 1 May 2018
Volume: 126
ISSN: 0191-8869
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.paid.2018.01.006DOI
S0191886918300060Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 09 Feb 2018 12:01
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2020 03:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/32655

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