A regularised EEG informed Kalman filtering algorithm

Enshaeifar, S., Spyrou, L., Sanei, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-3437-2801 and Took, C.C., 2016. A regularised EEG informed Kalman filtering algorithm. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, 25, pp. 196-200. ISSN 1746-8094

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The conventional Kalman filter assumes a constant process noise covariance according to the system’s dynamics. However, in practice, the dynamics might alter and the initial model for the process noise may not be adequate to adapt to abrupt dynamics of the system. In this paper, we provide a novel informed Kalman filter (IKF) which is informed by an extrinsic data channel carrying information about the system’s future state. Thus, each state can be represented with a corresponding process noise covariance, i.e. the Kalman gain is automatically adjusted according to the detected state. As a real-world application, we demonstrate for the first time how the analysis of electroencephalogram (EEG) can be used to predict the voluntary body movement and inform the tracking Kalman algorithm about a possible state transition. Furthermore, we provide a rigorous analysis to establish a relationship between the Kalman performance and the detection accuracy. Simulations on both synthetic and real-world data support our analysis.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control
Creators: Enshaeifar, S., Spyrou, L., Sanei, S. and Took, C.C.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: March 2016
Volume: 25
ISSN: 1746-8094
S1746809415001901Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 09 Feb 2018 13:25
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2018 13:25
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/32657

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