Effect of supplementation of phytase to diets low in inorganic phosphorus on growth performance and mineralization of broilers

Scholey, D.V. ORCID: 0000-0003-2450-5989, Morgan, N.K., Riemensperger, A., Hardy, R. and Burton, E.J. ORCID: 0000-0003-2784-6922, 2018. Effect of supplementation of phytase to diets low in inorganic phosphorus on growth performance and mineralization of broilers. Poultry Science. ISSN 0032-5791

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Abstract

There has been discussion regarding microbial phytase replacing inorganic phosphorus (P) supplementation in broiler diets. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to examine the effect of phytase supplementation on diets low in inorganic P. Ross 308 broilers (n = 288) were fed one of 6 experimental diets in 4 phases. The control diet had 16.20, 10.90, 9.40, and 6.10 g/kg inorganic P in the Starter, Grower 1, Grower 2 and Finisher phase respectively. The remaining diets had 10.50 g/kg inorganic P in the Starter phase. Two of the diets had graded reductions in inorganic P of 5.10, 3.60, and 0.60 g/kg or 2.00, 0.50, and 0.60 g/kg for the Grower 1, Grower 2 and Finisher phase respectively, plus 500 FTU phytase. Three of the diets had inorganic P levels of 0.40, 0.50, and 0.60 g/kg for the Grower 1, Grower 2 and Finisher diets respectively and either 500, 750, or 1,000 FTU phytase. Broiler performance was analyzed at d 10, 20, 26, and 35. On d 35, ileal calcium (Ca) and P digestibility and tibia bone strength, mineralization, and mineral content were analyzed. There were no significant differences between the control diet and diet containing 1,000 FTU phytase and low inorganic P in the grower or finisher diets based on bird performance, tibia strength, and Ca and P digestibility. Birds fed the control diet had significantly higher BWG (P = 0.001), bone strength (P < 0.001) and ash content (P < 0.001) compared to birds fed the diets with 500 FTU or 750 FTU phytase and low inorganic P in the grower and finisher stages. This may be due to incomplete dephosphorylation of the inositol ring of phytate with these doses of phytase, but with 1,000 FTU phytase there was almost complete phosphate hydrolysis of each phytate. This study showed that relying on phytase alone to ensure full supply of P in broiler diets is viable in finisher diets but is not recommended in grower diets unless phytase is supplied at doses of 1,000 FTU or greater.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Poultry Science
Creators: Scholey, D.V., Morgan, N.K., Riemensperger, A., Hardy, R. and Burton, E.J.
Publisher: Cary, NC
Date: 16 March 2018
ISSN: 0032-5791
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3382/ps/pey088DOI
Rights: © 2018 Poultry Science Association
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 27 Mar 2018 15:51
Last Modified: 03 May 2018 13:07
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/33124

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