Climate change mitigation in English and German municipalities: dynamic governance versus persistent government?

Eckersley, P. ORCID: 0000-0001-9048-8529, 2014. Climate change mitigation in English and German municipalities: dynamic governance versus persistent government? In: 64th Political Studies Association Annual International Conference, Midland Hotel, Manchester, 14-16 April 2014.

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Abstract

This paper illustrates the contrasting governance approaches of comparable ‘postindustrial’ municipalities in England and Germany – the twin towns of Newcastle upon Tyne and Gelsenkirchen. Drawing on Hooghe and Marks’ (2003) characterisations of “Type I” and “Type II” multilevel governance systems, it uses data from over a dozen indepth interviews with practitioners in each city to highlight how the council in Gelsenkirchen has been able to take a much more hierarchical approach to climate change mitigation than its counterpart in Newcastle. This is partly due to Germany’s long tradition of local autonomy (Norton, 1994), which has helped Gelsenkirchen to develop its strategic capacity with support from the regional, state and federal governments. Although English municipalities have enjoyed greater de jure autonomy since the UK Government granted them a general power of competence in 2011, the study found that they are unable to punch at the same weight as their German counterparts in local governance arrangements.

Using the characterisations of Treib et al. (2007), the paper therefore places Newcastle towards the ‘governance’ end of the spectrum, whereas Gelsenkirchen lies closer to a more traditional ‘government’ model. It also argues that the concept of distinct “policy styles” for specific countries (Richardson, 1982), which previous studies have investigated almost exclusively at the national level, is also relevant for municipalities.

Item Type: Conference contribution
Creators: Eckersley, P.
Date: April 2014
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 09 May 2018 14:28
Last Modified: 09 May 2018 14:28
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/33493

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